History

eBooks: 2011 – The ebook in ten points

Thumbnail image for eBooks: 2011 – The ebook in ten points

These ten quotes are excerpts from email interviews. Their authors are Michael Hart, John Mark Ockerbloom, Robert Beard, Jean-Paul, Nicolas Pewny, Marc Autret, Pierre Schweitzer, Denis Zwirn, Catherine Domain and Henk Slettenhaar. August 1998 “We consider etext to be a new medium, with no real relationship to paper, other than presenting the same material, but […]

Read the full article →

eBooks: 2010 – A UNESCO atlas for endangered languages

Thumbnail image for eBooks: 2010 – A UNESCO atlas for endangered languages

In 2010, UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) launched a free Interactive Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger. The online edition is a complement of the print edition (3rd edition, 2010), edited by Christopher Moseley, and available in English, French and Spanish, with previous editions in 1996 and 2001. 2,473 languages were […]

Read the full article →

eBooks: 2009 – 6,909 living languages in the Ethnologue

eBooks: 2009 - 6,909 living languages in the Ethnologue

6,909 living languages were cataloged in the 16th edition (2009) of “The Ethnologue: Languages of the World”, an encyclopedic reference work freely available on the web since 1996, with a print book for sale. As stated by Barbara Grimes, its editor from 1971 to 2000, the Ethnologue is “a catalog of the languages of the […]

Read the full article →

eBooks: 2001 – Broadband became the norm

Thumbnail image for eBooks: 2001 – Broadband became the norm

Henk Slettenhaar has extensive knowledge of communication technology, with a long career in Geneva, Switzerland, and California. Ten years after getting a broadband connection at home, he reads ebooks on a Kindle or an iPad. Henk joined CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) in Geneva  in 1958 to work with the first digital computer. He was […]

Read the full article →

eBooks: 2000 – Cotres.net, works of digital literature

Thumbnail image for eBooks: 2000 – Cotres.net, works of digital literature

A writer and musician, Jean-Paul has offered beautiful works of digital literature, while searching how hyperlinks could expand his writing towards new directions. In October 1998, Jean-Paul switched from being a print author to being an hypermedia author, and created cotres.net (“cotres” could be translated by “cutters” in English) as a website “telling stories in […]

Read the full article →

eBooks: 2000 – Experiments by best-selling authors

Thumbnail image for eBooks: 2000 – Experiments by best-selling authors

In 2000, Stephen King was the first best-selling author to launch digital experiments, followed by Frederick Forsyth and Arturo Pérez-Reverte in Europe and many other authors then, for example Paolo Coehlo in Brazil. Stephen King As a first step, Stephen King distributed in March 2000 his short story “Riding the Bullet” as an electronic file, […]

Read the full article →

eBooks: 2000 – The web portal yourDictionary

Thumbnail image for eBooks: 2000 – The web portal yourDictionary

Five years before co-founding yourDictionary.com in February 2000, as the portal for all languages without any exception, Robert Beard created the website A Web of Online Dictionaries (WOD) in 1995. Robert Beard was a language teacher at Bucknell University, in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. In September 1998, his website provided an index of 800 online dictionaries in […]

Read the full article →

eBooks: 1999 – The internet as a novel character

eBooks: 1999 - The internet as a novel character

The internet is one of the characters of Alain Bron’s second novel, “Sanguine sur toile”, available in print from Le Choucas in 1999, and in PDF from 00h00 in 2000. This novel won the Lions Club International Prize in 2000. About the novel Alain Bron wrote in November 1999 in an email interview: “In French, […]

Read the full article →

eBooks: 1999 – The Ulysses Bookstore on the web

Thumbnail image for eBooks: 1999 – The Ulysses Bookstore on the web

Founded in 1971 by Catherine Domain in Paris, France, Librairie Ulysse (Ulysses Bookstore) is the oldest bookstore in the world dedicated only to travel. The bookstore launched its website in 1999 and a small publishing venture in 2010. Nested on Ile Saint-Louis surrounded by the river Seine, Librairie Ulysse has offered 20,000 books, maps and […]

Read the full article →

eBooks: 1999 – Librarians in cyberspace

Thumbnail image for eBooks: 1999 – Librarians in cyberspace

To help their patrons deal with the internet, to select and organize information for them, to create and maintain websites, to check specialized databases and to update online catalogs became daily tasks for librarians. Here are two examples, with Peter Raggett at the Central Library of OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) and Bruno […]

Read the full article →